Response / Resource Deployment



There is a long-standing, internationally recognized system employed for categorizing and structuring levels of oil spill preparedness and response. It was developed originally by the oil industry in the 1980s as a means to ensure that an appropriate response capability was available to deal with oil spills commensurate to the risks. The approach established the principle of Tiered Preparedness and Response, whereby appropriate resources can be mobilized rapidly and escalated to provide an effective response to any
oil spill.

The International Maritime Organization (IMO) has since developed an international Convention that sets out clearly the principles for establishing national oil spill preparedness and response capabilities. The Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Co-operation (OPRC) encourages States to develop and maintain a national response system and to facilitate international cooperation and mutual assistance when preparing for and responding to major pollution incidents. The Convention sets out a range of commitments on building levels of oil spill preparedness, which primarily include :

  • Developing a National System for Responding promptly and effectively to pollution incidents (oil and hazardous and noxious substances).
  • Designating a National Authority to be Responsible for preparedness and response, and to act as a focal point for requesting and rendering assistance.
  • Developing a National Oil Spill Contingency Plan and ensuring operators have contingency plans that are coordinated with the national response system.
  • Establishing a Minimum Level of pre-positioned response equipment commensurate with risk.
  • Developing a Programme of Exercises and Training.
  • Facilitating International Cooperation and mutual assistance by establishing, either individually or through bilateral or multilateral cooperation, mechanisms for coordinating response operations.

Tiered Preparedness and Response is consistent with the OPRC Convention and taken together, they offer government and all sectors of the oil industry a structured approach to establishing oil spill preparedness and response arrangements.

Tiered Preparedness and Response can be applied to all potential oil spills, from small operational spillages to a worst case, at sea or on land. It is essential that governments and the oil industry work in partnership to establish integrated response arrangements and capability, thereby ensuring that together they are able to respond effectively to an oil spill of any magnitude.

The tiered approach represents the best opportunity to structure and build these preparedness and response arrangements in a consistent and effective manner that facilitates the integration of global response resources. 


Standards for Response Times based on Radius Response Grid System

To ensure we continuously meet oil-spill response performance standards and achieve the set key-performance indicators on response times, MRTE has developed a bespoke Radius Response Grid system to monitor the performance of our taskforce during rescue operations.

Radius-System Response-Time Calculations

Response Times

Classification program computes response times by combining notification times, mobilization times, and travel times of the resource stockpile sites used.

Classification of Standard Planning Speed